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Physical environment

De izquierda a derecha, Cabezo de Juan Clímaco, La Bastida y Cabezo GordoFrom left to right, Cabezo de Juan Clímaco, La Bastida and Cabezo Gordo.

 

The physical environment of La Bastida is characterized by a tertiary geological substrate consisting, predominantly, of limestone, marl, chalk, sandstone and conglomerates. It is also composed by older metamorphic formations made of slate and quartzite. Furthermore, the intense erosion led to the formation of gullies and quaternary sedimentary deposits of alluvial and colluvial origin.

The climate is Mediterranean semi-dry with hot summers and cool winters. The annual rainfall, 300 mm, stands out for its irregularity. The flora is typical of the mesomediterranean floor, with the presence of oaks, pines, kermes, esparto, juniper, hawthorn and thyme. The fauna includes mammals such as the wild boar, mouflon from the Atlas, white hare, fox, squirrel and birds such as the alpine chough, the eurasian crag martin and the jay.

 

Trabajos de reforestación en La Bastida a principios de los años 70Reforestation of Juan Clímaco Hill in the 70’s.  Picture given up by Francisco García Molina.

 

 

La Bastida is located near Guadalentin valley, although it is hided from the meadow. It occupies a hill with a conic shape.  The east and south sides of its base are seriously affected by the erosion of Lébor riverbed and Salado cliff. In addition to the erosion effects, the northern slope and the top were destroyed due to the reforestation of the 70’s by the IRYDA.

 

 

 

La Bastida desde el sur. Al pie, la rambla de LéborLa Bastida from the south. At the foot of the riverbed of Lébor.

 

 

Near to Salado Cliff, it is located a spring from where it still flows not drinking water. Besides, in the surroundings of La Bastida, there are several prehistoric sites known since old times: Campico del Centeno, Cueva de los Blanquizares, Campico de Lébor, Cabezo de Juan Clímaco, Cejo del Pantano and La Serrecica. They all belong to the Chalcolithic, except the last two, that belong to the Paleolithic and late Bronze Age, respectively. 

 

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