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Ambits

Vista del yacimiento

The new areas of excavation are located in the north and north east of the limits of the excavations made in 1944-1950, in particular, to the east side of a big circular structure interpreted as a possible pond.

 

The excavations have exposed several buildings with  large plant and trapezoid shape (up to 50-65m2 of interior space), built with straight walls up to one meter thick. The premises do not have internal compartments, but have structures such as fireplaces, ovens and benches. The buildings are situated parallel to the level curves, on artificial terraces and separated with narrow alleys.  These characteristics define a dense and compact urban pattern that began to develop shortly before 2000 BC and reached its peak between 1800 and 1600 BC.

 

There have been documented older remains underneath dense layers of colluvial sediments, but less extends, consisting in cabins built with mud walls, wooden poles and wattle.

 

For the time being, there has not been found any sign of fortification. Although Posac Mon mentions in his article of year 1946 “ In the most accessible part of the hillside, there can be seen strong defensive walls” and del Val Caturla confirms in 1948 “… the north side is more reachable by the enemies, and it was fortified with walls that can be recognized on the surface.”

 

We assumed that it may have lived around 1000 inhabitants in La Bastida, based on the surface and density of the occupied area. Such figure is exceptional for the Bronze Age in western Europe, and it contrasts with the low agricultural potential of the settlement environment. La Bastida must have been a strategic place from where other communities of lesser rank were dominated. The ability to concentrate non-local natural resources (raw material, cereal, etc.) is added to the scale of its metal productions. This settlement represents one of the few Argaric enclaves with many signs of metallurgy production, in the case from raw materials probably exogenous.

 

 

Imagen aérea del yacimiento

 

La Bastida became one of the most influential Argaric capitals as well as the first urban and state society of the western Mediterranean, due to its power above the control of production and distribution of food and raw materials.

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Oven

Oven

Aereal view of La Bastida

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Aereal view of La Bastida

Aereal view of La Bastida

Fireplace

Fireplace

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