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Lithic Industry

""The stone artifacts are key elements to understand the economic and social organization of La Bastida, due to the large number found, their role in many manufacturer activities and their excellent preservation conditions. Moreover, the use of the stone as construction material is evident in the buildings’ solid walls and in the graves.

The tools made of stone have a shape and a type of rock according to their further use. Currently, we are doing petrographic, morphometric, use-ware analysis and also residue analysis. These are complementary to experimental programmes and mechanical tests.

The best represented artifacts in La Bastida are the ones use for grinding, especially at the end of the Argaric occupation. The study of the rocks’ origin and the mechanical analysis of their physical properties reveal a great investment of work to acquire efficient rocks (volcanic) coming from distant sources (between 9 and 32 km). It seems that around the 40% of the artifacts are made of raw materials brought from more than 20 kms. This fact is unusual in the Argaric world, since the large hill settlements rarely employ more than 5% of the rocks found from more than 10 km away.

 

Martillo con ranura de enmangueHammer with a handle groove.
Yunque utilizado en la forja Forging anvil.

 


Estudios preliminares realizados sobre el material lítico tallado destacan igualmente que La Bastida era abastecida de soportes de sílex oolítico que llegaban en forma de láminas o lascas.

La relativa lejanía de La Bastida con respecto a las tierras cultivables del Guadalentín, unido a la abundancia de cereales y de vasijas de almacenamiento apuntan a su importancia como centro productor y distribuidor de harina.

La capacidad para movilizar fuerza de trabajo, centralizar la producción cerealista y acceder a materias primas de un extenso territorio da una idea del control económico y el alcance político del poder que ejercieron las élites de La Bastida en el sureste peninsular.

 

Photo Gallery

Sharpener with perforations.

Sharpener with perforations.

Polisher with central groove.

Polisher with central groove.

Sickle's cog with cereal gloss on its edge.

Sickle's cog with cereal gloss on its edge.

  • Sharpener with perforations.
  • Polisher with central groove.
  • Sickle's cog with cereal gloss on its edge.

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